Daily Archives: December 17, 2019

2 Types Of Gum Diseases And Their Treatment

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Recent studies by periodontists, prove that maintaining proper gum health helps to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Studies have discovered link between the presence of P.gingivalis (bacteria that causes gingivitis, periodontitis and other gum diseases) and Alzheimer’s disease.

Good oral hygiene is important to maintain the gum health. Regular visits to dental health professionals helps you to get timely diagnosis and treatment for different gum and teeth issues. Understanding about different gum diseases and their symptoms will help you to stay safe from these diseases. Here is a brief explanation about gum diseases from a reputed orthodontist in Allentown.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum diseases. Swollen and red gums and occasional bleeding are symptoms of this disease. However, there is little to no pain and hence most people neglect the issue. Inadequate oral hygiene is one of the reasons that cause gingivitis. Other reasons include diabetes, genetics, hormonal fluctuations, smoking, HIV and side-effects of some medications. It is essential to consult a periodontist or orthodontist to get the condition treated.

Periodontitis

If gingivitis is left untreated for prolonged periods, it leads to periodontitis. Plaque deposits on the teeth tend to spread into the gums and below the gums. They release toxins, which result in damage to the gums and bones that support the teeth. Bleeding and excessively swollen gums are symptoms of periodontitis. If the diseases is not treated in time, the gum line may recede further and cause the teeth to loosen. There are many types of periodontitis, such as aggressive periodontitis, chronic periodontitis, periodontitis due to systemic diseases and necrotizing periodontal disease. Periodontitis is reversible if it is treated in time.

Periodontists believe that a health mouth is absolutely important for a healthy body. They advise periodic visits to your dental health professionals to diagnose any teeth and gum problems at early stages and treat them properly.

Gum diseases are mainly caused by the build-up of plaque that releases toxins and damages the teeth enamel, gums and bones. Well-known orthodontist in Allentown suggests scheduling periodic visits to an orthodontic clinic to get full evaluation of the mouth and identify any potential risks.